Students who need to borrow money for college can feel intimidated. There are Perkins loans, Stafford loans, unsubsidized loans, the FAFSA, and other factors to consider. You almost need a college degree to understand the terminology!
Stay focused and you will find the funds. There are loans available for anyone who needs money to finance their education. Just be sure to select a loan (and lender) that best meet your needs.
Experts at Clearpoint Credit Counseling Solutions offer tips to help students secure and save on educational loans.
Begin with FAFSA: First find out if you qualify for a federal loan. Federal educational loans offer fixed interest rates and more repayment options. To find out if you qualify, complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, otherwise known as FAFSA. Do this as early as possible in the year you plan to start college. Colleges will use FAFSA to determine your financial aid package (which could include grants, loans and other financial assistance).
Next, the Financial Aid Office: Talk to a college financial aid administrator about your options. Check out your school’s website as well. It probably offers additional information on available loans and lenders.
Consider Federal Loans First: Federal loans are based on financial need, and offered through a financial-aid package. If you qualify, pick a subsidized loan (the government pays interest on the loan while you are in school). The two types of subsidized loans (Perkins and Stafford), are made by colleges that participate in the Federal Direct Loan program. If your school does not participate, you will need to apply to a bank, savings and loan or credit union that provides money under federal student loan programs. You can find lenders on your own or use those recommended by your college financial aid office.
Going the Private/Alternative Loan Route: If you don’t qualify for a federal loan, your next option is to seek a private loan. If possible, find one sponsored by a nonprofit organization. You can also shop for a student loan from a bank, credit union or savings and loan. Your ability to qualify for a private loan will depend on your credit history. You may be able to obtain a better loan rate if you apply with a creditworthy co-signer.
Choosing a Lender: Pick a student loan lender that is trustworthy and will deliver on its promises. Don’t succumb to the first direct mail offer that comes your way. Research several lending options. Ask each prospective lender detailed questions about the loan application process; the time period for approval; how your private information will be protected; if it offers benefits for borrowers who pay on time; repayment options; and, how to reach customer service staff. Keep detailed notes as you comparison-shop.
Be leery of any lender who conducts business by telephone only and won’t provide an address.
Compare Loan Products: Search for the loan with the best terms. The lower the interest rate, the less money you have to repay. Remember that adjustable interest rates can go up or down, depending on the state of the economy. Ask about the term (length) of the loan; origination fees (including method of calculation); type of interest rate; caps on interest; available repayment options; prepayment penalties; co-signer requirements; and any other conditions or fees.
Before You Sign the Paperwork: You will be legally responsible for repaying your student loans. Make certain you do not take on an unnecessary or unreasonable debt load.
Before you sign that promissory note, ask yourself these crucial questions. Your answer to each should be a confident “yes”!
If Need Be, Consult an Expert: One sign of maturity is knowing when to ask for help. If you become overwhelmed trying to line up funding for your education, or need help with debt management, some nonprofit organizations that can help. Contact Clearpoint Credit Counseling Solutions. A trained credit counselor will work with you to put together a budget and a plan to finance your higher education.